Please follow these guidelines when writing your papers.

Please follow these guidelines when writing your papers.

Deadlines Submit your papers because of the deadlines stated in the syllabus. You have three grace days for several papers except the final paper, for which there aren’t any free extensions. By the day before the deadline if you have a problem before the final paper, be sure to talk to me.

Basic Elements

  • Mechanics are very important. These are the basic tools that make the paper possible.
  • a) Descriptive Title. As simple as this might be, some social people forget.
  • b) Introductory Paragraph or Thesis. A thesis paragraph states what you are actually setting off to show in your paper and just how you will do that. An introductory paragraph provides the reader with an obvious understanding of what the paper is mostly about. As a whole it is a idea that is good steer clear of the overuse regarding the first person voice, because this can interrupt the flow of your prose. Here are some examples to think about:

Effective paragraph that is introductory does not use «I»: In Dakota-A Spiritual Geography, Kathleen Norris writes about her life in the Western plains for the United States. She describes it as some sort of monastic world for which she has had the oppertunity to come in contact with her spiritual roots through the lives of those there, the land, additionally the solitude of her own life that is inner. She does not falsely idealize life regarding the plains as some kind of paradise from the urban jungle. In reality, she is critical associated with insularity and pettiness of the small towns in which she lives and works. In place of detracting through the positive feeling of her life there, however, her critical perspectives make her work more real and lead your reader to want to get to know her additionally the plains better. Effective introductory paragraph that uses «I»: In reading Dakota-A Spiritual Geography, I happened to be struck by the beauty of Kathleen Norris’ prose along with her capability to convey the subtleties and complexities of her life there, of people, place, and time, the relation between work, art, plus the spiritual life. In the beginning, I read her work as the account of a woman and a culture vastly distinct from my personal. As I continued to read, however, I became aware that, in some ways, her world mirrored mine. While speaking away from a distinct geographical and landscape that is cultural Norris will make us recognize features of our own lives of which we might not have been previously aware. Weak introductory paragraph that uses «I»: In this paper, i am going to write about Kathleen Norris’s book Dakota-A Spiritual Geography. I am going to discuss her views in the relation between the Dakotas as a geographical location and a place that is spiritual. I shall show that there’s a match up between the 2. I will use ideas from her act as well as Carol Christ’s ideas about nature. I shall also show that, while beneficial in several ways, Christ’s ideas are insufficient for understanding Norris’ complete view of life when you look at the Dakotas.

  • c) Conclusion. The conclusion brings the ideas of the paper back into succinct focus. This may involve some summarizing but should also refocus ideas by reformulating a number of your ideas that are thesis/introductory a way extremely hard with out browse the body of the paper. You may not answer all questions which you raised or resolve all issues outlined in your introduction. One way to conclude your paper is to raise further questions, showing your knowing of their existence and possibilities for further inquiry. Sometimes, the very best questions give rise to even more questions.
  • d) Documentation. Whenever you make generalizations or assertions, document your claims with references, either through the readings or perhaps the lectures. In the event that you make a statement that seems controversial and you do not cite a reference, then I will not know where your opinions came from. You simply cannot be too careful about this point.
  • e) Format for References. When it comes to final paper, my goal is to ask which you all use footnotes or endnotes following the format given in the syllabus additionally the writing sample. Take note the application of commas and parentheses. For shorter papers, you might use notes that are parenthetical. (You should follow one of the standard formats for parenthetical use.)
  • f) Page numbers. In the event all pages and posts come loose, I will have the ability to read your paper.
  • g) Use block quotations for citations four lines or longer. When using block quotations, do not use quotation marks at the beginning and end regarding the block. Use the margin command rather than the tab command to produce block quotations. This can make it a lot simpler for you.
  • h) Subheadings. These are not necessary, but you might believe it is beneficial to insert subheadings while you go along. They could allow you to to prepare your paper along with to let the reader realize that new topics are being addressed.
  • a) Look at your spelling. There should be few errors in this regard.
  • b) Run-on and incomplete sentences. Avoid sentences that are too long. Check to ensure that you do not have incomplete sentences.
  • c) Punctuation. Punctuation should follow standard guidelines. There is certainly often confusion about commas. There are many rules that are simple will keep you away from trouble. I have summarized them here. Otherwise, consult a writing manual or ask the instructor. «The Elementary Rules of Usage» from William Strunk’s sun and rain of Style covers most cases of comma usage including the ones that connect with independent and dependent clauses.
  • d) Tenses. Be consistent in your usage of past and present tense. If you’re writing a thought paper (ideas, philosophy), it is accepted practice to place everything in the present tense. As an example, you might write, «The Buddha says, . . . .» or «The Tibetan master Milarepa behaves in unconventional ways.» You should put scholarly assertions in the present tense («I think,» «Gregory Schopen states») and historical facts in the past («Shakyamuni delivered a sermon,» «Devadatta turned traitor») if you are writing a research paper dealing with historical issues,. In every full case, be consistent.

There are many stylistic matters to note.

  • a) Use natural English. There’s no necessity to fill your paper with technical vocabulary or difficult terms. Should you choose utilize them, they will have a greater effect once you write in most cases in clear, straightforward English.
  • b) Avoid using conjunctions that are too many qualifiers, such as «however,» «then,» and «given that.» Usually, the reader will understand how one sentence pertains to the next minus the use of these terms, in addition to paper that is resulting be better to read. Make use of your own judgement that is good to if they are necessary. As a rule of thumb, use sparingly.
  • c) Gendered pronouns. It is currently widely considered that the exclusive usage of male pronouns to refer to both sexes is unacceptable. You can find a number of strategies which you can use to negotiate this matter. You might use i) male and female pronouns alternately, ii) neutral pronouns such as «one» and «they»; however, avoid mixing both of these pronouns in the sentence that is same iii) both (When an individual finds him or herself in this example . . .), or iv) «s/he». There are, however, possible exceptions. When you yourself have any relevant questions about this, please see me.

Avoid using «one» and «they» as pronouns for the same referent (This confusion arises because of the utilization of «they» as opposed to «his» or «her.») Be mindful when you use humans or human beings to replace «men.» «Human beings» is normally more appropriate than «humans,» and sometimes «people» is a far better choice.

Common Errors

  • a) » Different from.» «Different from» could be the usage that is correct not «different than.»
  • b) «Complementary» versus «Complimentary.» Be sure to know the distinction between both of these words. Yin and yang are complementary. Words of praise are complimentary.
  • c) «Affect» versus «effect.» It’s possible to measure the economic outcomes of having too much inventory, but one cannot easily affect nationwide economic trends that may decrease consumer demand.
  • D) A «novel» is a ongoing work of fiction. Memoirs, journals, biographies, and autobiographies are nonfiction works. Do not make reference to them as «novels.»

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